Anabolics: Anabolic Steroids and Sport
The use of anabolics (anabolic steroids) is constantly increasing, even in popular sports. The use of anabolics (anabolic steroids) is strictly tested in competitive sports whilst there are no test procedures for use in recreational sports. Anabolics (anabolic steroids) seriously damage the health of amateur athletes who hope to reach their physical goals by consuming anabolics (anabolic steroids).
What are Anabolics?
Anabolics (anabolic steroids) are artificially synthesised hormones which are chemically related to testosterone, the male sexual hormone.
Effect of Anabolics:
There is a difference between the desired (anabolic) and the undesired (androgenic) effect of anabolics (anabolic steroids).
Anabolics (anabolic steroids) affect metabolism, especially protein metabolism. This anabolic effect is what the users of anabolics strive for, as it facilitates the break down of protein in the muscles and reduces body fat. Anabolics (anabolic steroids) only have an effect if taken simultaneously to intensive exercise.
The effect of anabolics on internal and external sexual characteristics is referred to as the androgenic effect. The androgenic effect of anabolics is considered as one of the side effects of using anabolics and it cannot be entirely suppressed during anabolic production.
There are and always were very different opinions on the effectiveness of anabolic steroids amongst experts. Some scientists assume that it just has a placebo effect whilst others assume a considerable improvement of the peak performance in all strength and speed-strength sports .
Anabolics have a better effect on women than on men as women have lower natural testosterone levels in the blood.
Side Effects of Anabolics
- The body's own hormone production is decreased. The hormonal balance is severely affected.
- Acne, particularly on the back
- Liver and kidney dysfunction.
- Increased risk of getting heart attacks, cardiovascular strain and high blood pressure.
- Affects fertility
- Hair loss
- Increased appetite
- Water storage
- Breast development in men
- Stops bone growth in adolescents
- Mental-health problems, increased aggressiveness, mood swings
- Withdrawal symptoms include considerable decrease in performance, decrease in muscles and depression.
- Women adopt male characteristics (deeper voice, beard growth, irregular periods, broad back, breasts shrink)
- Psychological dependency is possible.
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