Illnesses are disturbances in the way the body or mind functions and are either subjective or objective.
Many illnesses are caused by the behaviour of the person. Nowadays, civilisation illnesses are considered as the biggest health risk for human beings.
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A civilisation illness is an illness of which the development is strongly associated with the general lifestyle in the so called civilised countries. Civilisation illnesses develop as a consequence of inadequate use of civilised achievements. The development of civilisation illnesses is, to a large extent, based on behaviour. It is possible to avoid many risk factors of civilisation illnesses by leading a particular lifestyle.
The most common civilisation illnesses are:
- Cardiovascular illnesses (high blood pressure, heart attacks, arteriosclerosis)
- Metabolic illnesses (diabetes mellitus, gout, increased cholesterol levels)
- Being overweight, obesity, anorexia nervosa
- Illnesses of the musculoskeletal system
Causes for Civilisation Illnesses:
- Lack of physical activity is considered the main cause of civilisation illnesses.
- Eating incorrectly or eating in excess are classical risk factors for all civilisation illnesses.
- Insufficient alternation between hot and cold stimuli.
- Environmental stress
- Risk factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption
Civilisation illnesses can basically not be traced back to one single cause. It is ultimately a variety of risk factors which lead to civilisation illnesses.