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                Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) - USA - Vitamins and Mineral nutrients
              Recommended Dietary Intake of Vitamins and Mineral Nutrients for Germany (DGE*)

Recommended Dietary Intake of Vitamins and Mineral Nutrients for Germany (DGE*) -

(* DGE = Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung - A Nutrition Society based in Germany )

Reference values for dietary intake (according to the DGE)

Reference values for the daily dietary intake of mineral nutrients and vitamins

Energy
Nutrients
Water

Vitamins

Mineral Nutrients

Protein
Essentielle
Fettsäure
Wasser
A (Ret)
D
C
E
K
B1
B2
B6
B12
Niacin
Folic Acid FA
Pantothenic-acid
Biotin
Calcium
Magnesium
Iron
Iodine
Zinc
Sodium
Potassium
Phosphorous
Fluoride
Copper
Manganese
Chrome
Selenium
Molybdenum Chloride
kcal
MJ
g per kg body weight
% of the energy
ml
mg
µg
mg
mg
µg
mg
mg
mg
µg
mg
µg
mg
µg
mg
mg
mg
µg
mg
mg
mg
mg
mg
mg
mg
µg
µg
µg
mg
m/f
m/f
m/f
n-6
n-3
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
m/f
Children  m = Males; f = females
1 to 4 years
1100/1000
4,7/4,4
1,0
3,0
0,5
1300
0,6
5
60
6/5
15
0,6
0,7
0,4
1,0
7
200
4
10-15
600
80
8
100
3
300
1000
500
0,7
0,5-1,0
1,0-1,5
20- 60
10-40
25-50
450
4 to 7 years
1500/1400
6,4/5,8
0,9
2,5
0,5
1600
0,7
5
70
8/8
20
0,8
0,9
0,5
1,5
10
300
4
10-15
700
120
8
120
5
410
1400
600
1,1
0,5-1,0
1,5-2,0
20- 80
15-45
30-75
620
7 to 10 years
1900/1700
7,9/7,1
0,9
2,5
0,5
1800
0,8
5
80
10/9
30
1,0
1,1
0,7
1,8
12
300
5
15-20
900
170
10
140
7
460
1600
800
1,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-3,0
20-100
20-50
40-80
690
10 to 13 years
2300/2000
9,4/8,5
0,9
2,5
0,5
2150
0,9
5
90
13/11
40
1,2/1,0
1,4/1,2
1,0
2,0
15/13
400
5
20-30
1100
230/250
12/15
180
9/7
510
1700
1250
2,0
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
20-100
25-60
50-100
770
13 to 15 years
2700/2200
11,2/9,4
0,9
2,5
0,5
2450
1,1/1,0
5
100
14/12
50
1,4/1,1
1,6/1,3
1,4
3,0
18/15
400
6
25-35
1200
310/310
12/15
200
9,5/7
550
1900
1250
3,2/2,9
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
20-100
25-60
50-100
830
Adolescents, adults
g per day
15 to 19 years
2500/2000
10,6/8,5
60/46
2,5
0,5
2800
1,1/0,9
5
100.c
15/12
70/60
1,3/1,0
1,5/1,2
1,6/1,2
3,0
17/13
400
6
30-60
1200
400/350
12/15
200
10/7
550
2000
1250
3,2/2,9
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
19 to 25 years
2500/1900
10,6/8,1
59/48
2,5
0,5
2700
1,0/0,8
5
100 c
15/12
70/60
1,3/1,0
1,5/1,2
1,5/1,2
3,0
17/13
400
6
30-60
1000
400/310
10/15
200
10/7
550
2000
700
3,8/3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
25 to 51 years
2400/1900
10,2/7,8
59/47
2,5
0,5
2600
1,0/0,8
5
100 c
14/12
70/60
1,2/1,0
1,4/1,2
1,5/1,2
3,0
16/13
400
6
30-60
1000
350/300
10/15
200
10/7
550
2000
700
3,8/3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
51 to 65 years
2200/1800
9,2/7,4
58/46
2,5
0,5
2250
1,0/0,8
5
100 c
13/12
80/65
1,1/1,0
1,3/1,2
1,5/1,2
3,0
15/13
400
6
30-60
1000
350/300
10/10
180
10/7
550
2000
700
3,8/3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
Over 65 years
2000/1600
8,3/6,9
54/44
2,5
0,5
2250
1,0/0,8
10
100 c
12/11
80/65
1,0/1,0
1,2/1,2
1,4/1,2
3,0
13/13
400
6
30-60
1000
350/300
10/10
180
10/7
550
2000
700
3,8/3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
Pregnancy
+255
+ 1,1
58 b
2,5
0,5
2700
l,l d
5
110
13
60
l,2 b
l,5 b
1,9 b
3,5
15 b
600 f
6
30-60
1000 d
310 e
30
230
10 b
550
2000
800
3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830
Lactation
Up to +635 a
Up to +2,7 a
63
2,5
0,5
3100
1,5
5
150
17
60
1,4
1,6
1,9
4,0
17
600
6
30-60
1000 d
390
20h
260
11
550
2000
900
3,1
1,0-1,5
2,0-5,0
30-100
30-70
50-100
830

a = after the 4 th month: Full breastfeeding:+525 kcal/2.2 MJ; Partial breastfeeding:+285 kcal/1.2 MJ
b= from the beginning of the 4 th month pregnancy
c= Smokers: 150 mg Vitamin C
d= Pregnant/breastfeeding women < 19 years: 1200 mg calcium
e= Pregnant women < 19 years: 350 mg magnesium
f= Women who could possibly get pregnant should consume an additional 400 µg synthetic folic acid (=800 µg Folic acid equivalent FA)

According to the "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung" (DGE) 2000

 

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