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Sprain: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Causes of Sprains

A sprain is caused by quick and violent overstretching of the normal range of motion of a joint. The most commonly affected joints are knees and ankles. A sprain can cause possible damages to the ligament attachment points, the affected nerve tissue, blood vessels and it can also tear the capsular ligament system. Sprains can also often cause damage to parts of the bones and cartilage.

Symptoms

Symptoms of sprains are:

  • Not being able to specify the exact location of the pain in the affected joint
  • Swelling of the joint
  • abnormal position of the joint
  • Limited motion
  • Warm feeling in the area of pain
  • Possible bruising

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Treating Sprains

  • Rest for 3 weeks
  • Keep it cool with an ice pack
  • Elevation
  • The doctor must examine the sprain for any possible torn ligaments.
  • To avoid slackening of the capsular ligaments only resume physical activity when the sprain has completely healed.

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The Athlete's Book of Home Remedies: 1,001 Doctor-Approved Health Fixes and Injury-Prevention Secrets for a Leaner, Fitter, More Athletic Body!, Jordan Metzl, Mike Zimmerman

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